The findsmb program is a Perl script which reports information about SMB-aware systems on a specific subnet. If no subnet is specified the local subnet is used. Items displayed include IP address, NetBIOS name, workgroup or domain name, operating system, and version.
The following example shows the output of executing findsmb as any valid user on a system:
findsmb IP ADDR NETBIOS NAME WORKGROUP/OS/VERSION ------------------------------------------------------------------ 10.1.59.25 VERVE [MYGROUP] [Unix] [Samba 3.0.0-15] 10.1.59.26 STATION22 [MYGROUP] [Unix] [Samba 3.0.2-7.FC1] 10.1.56.45 TREK +[WORKGROUP] [Windows 5.0] [Windows 2000 LAN Manager] 10.1.57.94 PIXEL [MYGROUP] [Unix] [Samba 3.0.0-15] 10.1.57.137 MOBILE001 [WORKGROUP] [Windows 5.0] [Windows 2000 LAN Manager] 10.1.57.141 JAWS +[KWIKIMART] [Unix] [Samba 2.2.7a-security-rollup-fix] 10.1.56.159 FRED +[MYGROUP] [Unix] [Samba 3.0.0-14.3E] 10.1.59.192 LEGION *[MYGROUP] [Unix] [Samba 2.2.7-security-rollup-fix] 10.1.56.205 NANCYN +[MYGROUP] [Unix] [Samba 2.2.7a-security-rollup-fix]
make_smbcodepage <c|d> <codepage_number> <inputfile> <outputfile>
The make_smbcodepage program compiles a binary codepage file from a text-format definition. The reverse is also allowed by decompiling a binary codepage file to a text-format definition. This obsolete program is part of the internationalization features of previous versions of Samba which are included by default with the current version of Samba.
make_unicodemap <codepage_number> <inputfile> <outputfile>
The make_unicodemap program compiles binary Unicode files from text files so Samba can display non-ASCII charactersets. This obsolete program was part of the internationalization features of previous versions of Samba which are now included with the current release of Samba.
net <protocol> <function> <misc_options> <target_options>
The net utility is similar to the net utility used for Windows and MS-DOS. The first argument is used to specify the protocol to use when executing a command. The <protocol> option can be ads, rap, or rpc for specifying the type of server connection. Active Directory uses ads, Win9x/NT3 uses rap, and Windows NT4/2000/2003 uses rpc. If the protocol is omitted, net automatically tries to determine it.
The following example displays a list the available shares for a host named wakko:
net -l share -S wakko Password: Enumerating shared resources (exports) on remote server: Share name Type Description ---------- ---- ----------- data Disk Wakko data share tmp Disk Wakko tmp share IPC$ IPC IPC Service (Samba Server) ADMIN$ IPC IPC Service (Samba Server)
The following example displays a list of Samba users for a host named wakko:
net -l user -S wakko root password: User name Comment ----------------------------- andriusb Documentation joe Marketing lisa Sales
nmblookup <options> <netbios_name>
The nmblookup program resolves NetBIOS names into IP addresses. The program broadcasts its query on the local subnet until the target machine replies.
Here is an example:
nmblookup trek querying trek on 10.1.59.255 10.1.56.45 trek<00>
The pdbedit program manages accounts located in the SAM database. All backends are supported including smbpasswd, LDAP, NIS+, and the tdb database library.
The following are examples of adding, deleting, and listing users:
pdbedit -a kristin new password: retype new password: Unix username: kristin NT username: Account Flags: [U ] User SID: S-1-5-21-1210235352-3804200048-1474496110-2012 Primary Group SID: S-1-5-21-1210235352-3804200048-1474496110-2077 Full Name: Home Directory: \\wakko\kristin HomeDir Drive: Logon Script: Profile Path: \\wakko\kristin\profile Domain: WAKKO Account desc: Workstations: Munged dial: Logon time: 0 Logoff time: Mon, 18 Jan 2038 22:14:07 GMT Kickoff time: Mon, 18 Jan 2038 22:14:07 GMT Password last set: Thu, 29 Jan 2004 08:29:28 GMT Password can change: Thu, 29 Jan 2004 08:29:28 GMT Password must change: Mon, 18 Jan 2038 22:14:07 GMT pdbedit -v -L kristin Unix username: kristin NT username: Account Flags: [U ] User SID: S-1-5-21-1210235352-3804200048-1474496110-2012 Primary Group SID: S-1-5-21-1210235352-3804200048-1474496110-2077 Full Name: Home Directory: \\wakko\kristin HomeDir Drive: Logon Script: Profile Path: \\wakko\kristin\profile Domain: WAKKO Account desc: Workstations: Munged dial: Logon time: 0 Logoff time: Mon, 18 Jan 2038 22:14:07 GMT Kickoff time: Mon, 18 Jan 2038 22:14:07 GMT Password last set: Thu, 29 Jan 2004 08:29:28 GMT Password can change: Thu, 29 Jan 2004 08:29:28 GMT Password must change: Mon, 18 Jan 2038 22:14:07 GMT pdbedit -L andriusb:505: joe:503: lisa:504: kristin:506: pdbedit -x joe pdbedit -L andriusb:505: lisa:504: kristin:506:
rpcclient <server> <options>
The rpcclient program issues administrative commands using Microsoft RPCs, which provide access to the Windows administration graphical user interfaces (GUIs) for systems management. This is most often used by advanced users that understand the full complexity of Microsoft RPCs.
smbcacls <//server/share> <filename> <options>
The smbcacls program modifies Windows ACLs on files and directories shared by the Samba server.
smbclient <//server/share> <password> <options>
The smbclient program is a versatile UNIX client which provides functionality similar to ftp.
smbcontrol -i <options>
smbcontrol <options> <destination> <messagetype> <parameters>
The smbcontrol program sends control messages to running smbd or nmbd daemons. Executing smbcontrol -i runs commands interactively until a blank line or a 'q' is entered.
The smbgroupedit program maps between Linux groups and Windows groups. It also allows a Linux group to be a domain group.
smbmount <//server/share> <mount_point> <-o options>
The smbmount program uses the low-level smbmnt program to mount an smbfs file system (Samba share). The mount -t smbfs <//server/share> <mount_point> <-o options> command also works.
smbmount //wakko/html /mnt/html -o username=kristin Password: <password> [root@yakko /]# ls -l /mnt/html total 0 -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 0 Jan 29 08:09 index.html
smbpasswd <options> <username> <password>
The smbpasswd program manages encrypted passwords. This program can be run by a superuser to change any user's password as well as by an ordinary user to change their own Samba password.
smbspool <job> <user> <title> <copies> <options> <filename>
The smbspool program is a CUPS-compatible printing interface to Samba. Although designed for use with CUPS printers, smbspool can work with non-CUPS printers as well.
The smbstatus program displays the status of current connections to a Samba server.
The smbtar program performs backup and restores of Windows-based share files and directories to a local tape archive. Though similar to the tar command, the two are not compatible.
testparm <options> <filename> <hostname IP_address>
The testparm program checks the syntax of the smb.conf file. If your smb.conf file is in the default location (/etc/samba/smb.conf) you do not need to specify the location. Specifying the hostname and IP address to the testparm program verifies that the hosts.allow and host.deny files are configured correctly. The testparm program also displays a summary of your smb.conf file and the server's role (stand-alone, domain, etc.) after testing. This is convenient when debugging as it excludes comments and concisely presents information for experienced administrators to read.
testparm Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf Processing section "[homes]" Processing section "[printers]" Processing section "[tmp]" Processing section "[html]" Loaded services file OK. Server role: ROLE_STANDALONE Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions <enter> # Global parameters [global] workgroup = MYGROUP server string = Samba Server security = SHARE log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log max log size = 50 socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192 dns proxy = No [homes] comment = Home Directories read only = No browseable = No [printers] comment = All Printers path = /var/spool/samba printable = Yes browseable = No [tmp] comment = Wakko tmp path = /tmp guest only = Yes [html] comment = Wakko www path = /var/www/html force user = andriusb force group = users read only = No guest only = Yes
testprns <printername> <printcapname>
The testprns program checks if printername is valid and exists in the printcap. If the printcapname is not specified, the default specified in the Samba or printcap configuration files is used.
The wbinfo program displays information from the winbindd daemon. The winbindd daemon must be running for wbinfo to work.